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Research Title BODY MASS INDEX PROFILE AND ITS ASSOCIATION TO DAILY MEAL DISTRIBUTION AMONG PRE-CLINICAL YEAR MEDICAL STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITAS INDONESIA
Focus Human Nutrition
Investigator Hilwa Saleh Alwaini
NIM NPM 0105800103
Adviser Victor Tambunan
Category Epidemiology
Research Date (Start Date) 18 Juli 2011
Exam Date 00 00 0000
Keywords
Abstract

Introduction: Health provider and health personnel are one of important model roles in community to promote healthy lifestyle. Medical students are one of the future role model in populations and communities. Waist circumference is one of the most practical tools to assess abdominal fat for chronic disease risk and during weight loss treatment. A high waist circumference or a greater level of abdominal fat is associated with an increased risk for, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease and type 2 diabetes.  However, lower thresholds for waist circumference have been recommended for Asian populations by the World Health Organization due to recent research findings. Therefore, those at increased risk for developing chronic disease include: Asian Introduction: Obesity and its related disorders are now becoming epidemic in developing countries. Among 220 million people, 15% of adult population are overweight and considered as a second most important nutrition problem in Indonesia, after nutritional deficiencies. Health personnel are important role models for promoting a healthy lifestyle for the general population. However studies on medical students in many countries shows that obesity is a problem among these population groups of 15%. Higher BMI was associated with caloric consumption after 8:00 pm. Regarding to the high possibility of pre-clinic students to have irregular eating time, due to its frantic itinerary that provides limited time for regular meal schedule that would require late night meals and dominant caloric consumption at certain meal period.
Methods: This study used cross-sectional design, which data was obtained from anthropometric measurements and questionnaires distributed and filled by 55 students.

Conclusion: Distributions of BMI profile and daily meal distributions among pre- clinical year medical students in Universitas Indonesia has been described. There is no significant relation between dietary distributions and Body Mass Index among subjects (p = 0.233). However, there is an association between having late dinner and increased BMI (p = 0.024).